SPEECH LANGUAGE PATHOLOGY
SPEECH LANGUAGE PATHOLOGY
Before we define what Speech-Language Pathology is, let us first get to know what Speech and Language actually means.
Speech vs Language
Speech is the oral expression of one’s own thoughts, feelings and ideas through the act of speaking while Language, on the other hand, is a system of symbols that gives order to speech which allows individuals to translate their thoughts, feelings and ideas into messages that another person can understand.
Therefore, Speech-Language Pathology is an allied medical profession that deals with the screening, assessment, evaluation, treatment, and diagnosis of communication disorders including those related to speech, language as well as swallowing problems.
Speech-Language Pathologists (SLP), also known as Speech Therapists or Speech Pathologists, as defined by the American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA), are professionals who provide services to individuals with a wide variety of speech, language, and swallowing differences and disorders.
Common SLP clients may consists of the following but they are not limited to:
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
- Learning Disability
- Communication Disorder
- Intellectual Disability
- Cleft Lip and Palate
- Down Syndrome
- Hearing Impairment
- Stuttering and other Fluency Disorders
- Voice Disorders and Laryngectomee
- Dysphagia and swallowing disorders
- Cerebral Palsy
- Stroke or Head Injury and other Neurogenic Disorders
Speech-Language Pathology In the Philippines
In the Philippines, Speech-Language Pathology was first introduced in 1978 by Professor Rosella De Jesus-Sutadisastra and Kathleen Mary Boehigheimer and Kathleen A. Quigley from the US Peace Corps. They developed and implemented a bachelor’s degree in Speech Pathology as a four-year academic program.
Currently, the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) only recognizes 4 universities that offer Speech-Language Pathology as a degree program, namely: University of the Philippines-Manila, University of Sto. Tomas, Cebu Doctors University and De La Salle Health Sciences Institute.
Philippine Association of Speech Pathologists
The Philippine Association of Speech Pathologists (PASP) is a non-government organization founded in 1990 to further promote and develop Speech Pathology in the country as a discipline. They provide standards of practice for all speech pathologists in the Philippines to ensure that they are qualified, equipped with proper training and knowledge so they can give quality service to their patients.
When searching for a Speech Therapists, make sure that they are certified Speech-Language
Pathologists and registered PASP member. To check if they are certified SLPs, you may visit PASP directory.
Why should I check if my speech therapist is a certified member of PASP?
It is important to check if your SLP is certified by PASP so as to ensure that the SLP you are seeing is a legitimate and certified professional who graduated from a CHED accredited program from the 4 universities currently offering it (University of the Philippines-Manila, University of Sto. Tomas, Cebu Doctors University and De La Salle Health Sciences Institute) Since the bill regulating the practice of SLPs in the country is still being processed, there may be individuals pretending to be SLPs, be vigilant!